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FM Nirmala Sitharaman Asks Private Sector to Unleash ‘Animal Spirits’ and Increase Investments

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Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Saturday exhorted the private sector to take advantage of corporate tax rate cut and other initiatives of the government, and unleash ‘animal spirits’ by enhancing investments to make India one of the fastest growing economies of the world. The government has been waiting for the expansion by the private sector, she said while reminding India Inc of various measures including corporate tax rate cut, policy consistency, ease of doing business, among others to facilitate investment.

We need capacities to be ramped up, we need expansion, we need more production of many such items which are required for the economy. I would invite business leaders…post the corporate tax rate reduction I’ve been waiting to see expansion happening,”she said. In the biggest reduction in 28 years, the government in September 2019 slashed corporate tax rates by up to 10 percentage points to attract private investment and reinvigorate the sagging economy. The tax break resulted in financial implication of Rs 1.45 lakh crore on the exchequer.

Base corporate tax rate for existing companies was reduced to 22 per cent from 30 per cent, and to 15 per cent from 25 per cent for manufacturing firms incorporated after October 1, 2019, and starting operations before March 31, 2023. “So I would like to see now that the policy is clear, tax rates have been brought down, policy consistency has been underlined and ease of doing business is still going further. I would now like to see private investors and private industry…coming forward with the so called ‘animal spirits’ to show that it is possible to pull India up and keep it high as one of the fastest growing economies. It is now on your shoulder entirely,” she said.

Addressing industry leaders at an All India Management Association (AIMA) virtual event, the Finance Minister said the recent Budget has addressed several issues which were so critical for India to have a clearer path for the next decade or more. The Budget 2021-22 comes against the backdrop of the pandemic and contraction of the economy to give a sense of certainty to businesses that policies will remain predictable and therefore businesses can continue to concentrate on their core activities, she said.

With regard to disinvestment, the Finance Minister said the government has identified the core sector where it will have bare minimum presence and the rest will be allowed for public-private partnership. The past strategy of disinvestment in trickles has not really been so successful in spreading the ownership pattern, she said, adding, it was not enthusiastically received.

“So, I want to have an efficient, more meaningful, purpose serving way in which our taxpayers’ money should be spent…the disinvestment of units or privatisation of units is not because we want them to be closed down,” she said. The government wants these units to be running, to be kept up and running professionally as the economy has very high demand for many of these items of production such as steel, coal or copper, or many such things in which PSUs are there for decades now.

She urged the industry to make best of the disinvestment policy announced in the Budget. Earlier this month, the Finance Minister presented a Rs 34.8 lakh crore-Budget for 2021-22.

The Budget has laid emphasis on increasing capital expenditure, raising allocation for healthcare capacity building and development of agriculture infrastructure, among others, which are expected to have a multiplier effect on the economy. Sitharaman said spending is required this year as well as next year for sustaining growth.

Therefore, the government has committed to spend on infrastructure and capital expenditure over the next several years which will give the multiplier effect, she added. About 7,000 projects have been identified under the National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) with projected investment of a whopping Rs 111 lakh crore during 2020-25.

On the fiscal deficit management, she said, the government has given a glide path and asked the rating agencies to see the Budget numbers in the light of pandemic. Hit hard by the pandemic, fiscal deficit the excess of government expenditure over its revenues is estimated to hit a record high of 9.5 per cent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2020-21.

For 2021-22, the deficit has been pegged at 6.8 per cent of GDP, which will be further lowered to 4.5 per cent by the fiscal ending March 31, 2026. “We are very clearly telling even the credit rating agencies that every country is going through this pandemic, and every country has to spend to keep the stimulus going.

“So every country’s ratings will have to be in relative terms..However, because we’ve given the glide path, fiscal deficit is something which we’ll watch, probably after the stimulus has shown clear impact on the ground,” she said. Speaking at the event Kotak Mahindra Bank Managing Director Uday Kotak said the government in coordination with the RBI has played a role to ensure that the interest rates remain stable.

He also expressed hope that rates would remain stable over the next 12-18 months. “We need to ensure that as the size of the borrowing goes up, we are able to keep the long-term interest rates stable, on the basis of which business and industry take the investment decisions,” Kotak said.

Exuding confidence that the future of India is bright, Kotak said: “We now really need to get our animal spirits back… and the time has come for us to walk the talk.” .

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Moody’s Projects 13.7% Growth in FY’22, Expects 7% Contraction This Fiscal

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Moody’s on Thursday upped India’s growth projection for the next financial year beginning April 1, to 13.7 per cent, from 10.8 per cent estimated earlier, on the back of normalisation of activity and growing confidence in the market with the rollout of COVID-19 vaccine. For current fiscal, the US-based rating agency expects the economy to contract 7 per cent, lower than its previous estimate of 10.6 per cent contraction.

Moody’s Investors Service Associate Managing Director (Sovereign Risk) Gene Fang said “our current expectation is that in the current fiscal ending March 2021, the economy would contract 7 per cent… We expect a rebound of 13.7 per cent growth in the next fiscal on normalisation of activity and base effects.”

The very large rebound incorporates the view that recovery in activity will continue, with the rollout of vaccines and growing confidence in the market that activities are coming back to normal, Fang said in an online conference on India Credit Outlook 2021 organised by Moody’s and its India affiliate ICRA. ICRA Principal Economist Aditi Nayar said it expects 0.3 per cent growth in the third quarter (October-December) of current fiscal.

ICRA expects Indian economy to contract 7 per cent in current fiscal and growth to rebound to 10.5 per cent in the next fiscal beginning April 1. “Recession in India has ended,” she said, adding there could be upside to growth in FY’22 if government’s capital expenditure increases, budget announcements are implemented and vaccination drives are carried out.



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